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Armenian
Հայերեն Hayeren
Pronunciation [hɑjɛˈɾɛn]
Native to Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, Russia, United States, Georgia, Lebanon, Iran, Syria, Turkey
Native speakers 7,000,000  (2001)
Language family
Indo-European
  • Armenian
Early forms:
Proto-Armenian
  • Old Armenian
    • Middle Armenian
      • Armenian
Dialects
Western Armenian
Eastern Armenian
Writing system Armenian alphabet
Official status
Official language in

Armenia
Nagorno-Karabakh
(not recognized internationally)


Minority language:
Cyprus
Poland
Romania
Language codes
ISO 639-1 hy
ISO 639-2 arm (B)
hye (T)
ISO 639-3


The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The language is also widely spoken by Armenian communities in the Armenian diaspora. It has its own script, the Armenian alphabet, and is of interest to linguists for its distinctive phonological developments within the Indo-European family of languages.

Linguists classify Armenian as an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. Armenian shares a number of major innovations with Greek, and some linguists group these two languages together with Phrygian and the Indo-Iranian family into a higher-level subgroup of Indo-European which is defined by such shared innovations as the augment. More recently, others have proposed a Balkan grouping including Greek, Armenian, Phrygian and Albanian

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